Lord Shiva or Lingaraj is also knownas Bhubaneswar (Lord of Bhuban or Earth). History dates its association with the Kalinga Kingdom as far back as 6th Century B.C. It was known by various names, such as, Kalinga Nagari, Tribhuneswar, Ekamra Kshetra and Mandira Malini.
Before it became the capital of Orissa in 1948, Bhubaneswar was a temple town and an important Hindu cultural and religious centre for followers of Buddhism, Jainism, Shaivism and Vaishnavism. The Oriyas debated for almost ten years with Bhubaneswar’s primary competition being the cities of Puri and Cuttack (1000 years old). The German planner Otto H. Koenigsberger was hired to implement the design of the new capital city.
The Founder Director, Prof. Baidyanath Misra was wanting to set up an institute in Orissa and at the same time ICSSR was thinking on similar lines. As was destined, the foundations of the institute were laid. Nabakrushna Choudhury Centre for Development Studies (NCDS) named after a dedicated social worker, a scholar and thinker of eminence, and former Chief Minister of Orissa, was established in 1987 as an ICSSR Institute in collaboration with Government of Orissa.
NCDS is a pioneer Centre of social science research now located in its own campus at Chandrasekharpur, Bhubaneswar. It has a furnished Hostel-cum-Guest House for scholars. The Centre has a well developed Library and is fully equipped with computers and other electronic gadgets including Fax and Internet. All the computers are connected by the Local Area Network (LAN).
Status and Funding
NCDS is an autonomous institute (Registered under Societies Registration Act of 1860) and managed by a Board of Governors consisting of eminent social scientists, academicians and administrators nominated by ICSSR and Government of Orissa.
Academic and research staff of the Centre consist of Professors, Readers, Lecturers and Research Associates from the disciplines of Economics, Sociology and Social Anthropology. Effort is being made to include other disciplines like Political Science, Public Administration, Geography, Social Psychology, Women Studies, History and Education in a phased manner.
The Centre receives both recurring and non-recurring grants from ICSSR and Govt. of Orissa on 50:50 basis. Financial assistance in the shape of endowment grants has also been received to create Chairs in different disciplines from Industrial Development Corporation (IDC), Orissa, Orissa Forest Development Corporation (OFDC), Orissa Mining Corporation (OMC), Tata Iron & Steel Co. (TISCO), National Aluminium Co. (NALCO), and Mahanadi Coalfields Ltd (MCL).
The main objective of the Centre is to conduct research in social sciences encompassing socio-economic and other facets of a developing society. The thrust areas being Economics, Sociology and Anthropology.
The Centre provides assistance to the Central and State Governments by conducting various policy-related studies, both at macro and micro levels.
NCDS apart from providing research and evaluation support, also conducts training programmes for officials and non-officials engaged in programme implementation.
The Centre organises seminars, workshops and lectures to develop and enrich social science research and also provides support for formulation of socio-economic policies.
NCDS provides consultancy services to outside agencies, organisations, corporate bodies and public sector enterprises in the areas of project formulation, monitoring and evaluation.
The Centre pursues its own research programmes as well as research studies sponsored by outside agencies. Research reports and Occassional Papers are brought out by the Centre regularly.
The Centre is recognised by the University of Orissa, UGC, and ICSSR as a place of research and large number of students have obtained Ph.D.s working under the faculty members of the Centre. Efforts are on for providing teaching facilities, to begin with, research level degree (M.Phil.) in development studies.
The faculty members of the Centre have completed by December 2002 as many as 83 research projects along with a large number of occassional papers which have been appreciated by different research scholars and research organisations. Presently, the Centre is pursuing 13 research projects. All the academic staff has been provided with computers to facilitate their research work.
Institutional Doctoral Fellowships
The ICSSR has offered the Centre two doctoral fellowships:
(i) Salary protected; and (ii) General fellowship.
The Centre has research and academic collaboration with University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia; Centre for Development Studies, University of Wales, UK. Efforts are being made for collaboration with other foreign Universities and Research Centres. ILO has recognised the Centre as a Regional Centre for Training of officials in the area of Child Labour. The Centre has been retained as the research support unit for the Poverty Task Force of the Government of Orissa and Department for International Development (DFID), UK.
The Centre has been constantly endeavouring to expand the horizon of knowledge in social sciences by organising seminars, workshops, symposia and lectures regularly. In the past, it has organised a number of seminars in collaboration with ICSSR, Indian Economic Association Trust for Research and Development, Indian Society of Agricultural Economics, Rajiv Gandhi Foundation, NABARD and Water Resource Department (GoO).
In the guest lecture series a number of eminent persons have delivered lectures. Noted among them are Prof. Prasant Patnaik, Prof. A.K. Bagchi, Prof. M.R. Mohanty, Prof. John G. Adaire, Dr. S.B. Agnihotri, Prof. B.Das and Dr. L. Mishra.
The Centre has established two Lecture Series. One is Kalinga Lecture series in which prominent social scientists like Prof. Samir K. Ghosh, Prof. Prabhat Patnaik, Prof. B.B. Bhattacharya, Prof. T.K. Oomen, and Prof. Kirit Parikh have delivered lectures. The other lecture series created recently is Nabakrushna Choudhury lecture series, in which Prof. D.P. Patnaik, Sri Rajmohan Gandhi, and Prof. Prasanta Patnaik have delivered lectures.
NCDS has been receiving considerable support from the Govt. of India and Govt. of Orissa as well as other International agencies for undertaking research studies and training programmes. Studies have been sponsored by Ministry of Labour, Ministry of Rural Areas & Employment, Planning Commission, Ministry of Textiles, D.C. Handicrafts, Ministry of Food Processing, etc. Various departments of Govt. of Orissa including Department of Panchayati Raj have sponsored a number of studies. Among the International organisations, Ford Foundation and ILO have commissioned studies and training programmes. NCDS and its faculty members are also providing consultancy to the state and central government, and other agencies including overseas agencies.
The Centre has also been working in collaboration with Centre for Development Studies (CDS), University of Wales, UK. It has recently completed a project titled Social Development Research Capacity building in collaboration with CDS, Wales. Funding support was provided by Department for International Development, UK. The Centre is currently engaged in a research on cyclone and post-cyclone developments in collaboration with Overseas Development Institute (ODI), UK.
Library and Documentation
NCDS has a library with an impressive collection of books and journals, which at present number about 10,000. In addition, the Centre has received a number of books and journals from many social scientists as gift.
The Centre has published 52 monographs/occassional papers.
Conference Hall, Seminar Hall and Hostel
NCDS has a state of the art Conference Hall with facilities like LCD Overhead Projector, Internet facility, etc. and a Seminar Hall. The Centre is generating some resources by offering these facilities to other organizations at a nominal fee of Rs.2,000 per day for the Seminar Hall. It has a Hostel-cum-Guest House which at present can accommodate 16 visiting scholars. Construction is on for doubling the accommodation. The needy scholars are mostly charged nothing. If the scholar’s visit is financed then 100 rupees per day are charged.
For further details contact:
Nabakrushna Choudhury Centre for Development Studies
Plot No. 6, Chandrashekhapur,
Bhubaneswar - 751013
R. C. Bindra